Bor is a town, and the seat of Bor Municipality as well as the Bor District. According to 2011 Census, the population of town is 34,160. The town is founded in 1945, but the settlement itself around year 1800.
Bor settlement came along with the copper mine in 1903. Since then, Bor had suddenly began to develop and grow. In the period from 1933 to 1940, Bor got new settlement, New (South) Colony, where the new school and hospital were built. The mine already turned into the one of the largest in Europe.
In the year 1931, Bor had population of 4,749 residents. Bor got the town status after the World War II, on May 30th 1947, when it had 11,000 residents.
Sudden postwar development of the town and increased population made Bor become economic, educational, health and cultural center in Eastern Serbia. Infrastructurally, Bor is among the best arranged towns in Serbia.
Bor Municipality has 13 rural local communities: Brestovac, Slatina, Metovnica, Ostrelj, Sarbanovac, Bucje, Krivelj, Gornjane, Sarbanovac Timok, Tanda, Luka, Zlot, Donja Bela Reka.